Jack Russell Terrier – The Facts Every Owner of This Dog Breed Should Know
July 8, 2017
Originally bred in the 19th century by Parson Jack Russell, an avid hunter, selected traits that would assist him in hunting. Working dogs, Jack Russell Terriers were bred to be fearless and feisty to flush out prey from the forest, particular foxes. As a working dog, Jack Russell Terriers tend to have an athletic build and boundless energy. Jack-Russell-Terriers are very intelligent, but also willful and stubborn, which can make them extremely difficult to train without consistency.
As a hunting and working dog, Jack Russell Terriers do have the hunting instinct in them and have been known to consider smaller household pets prey. However, this does not mean that they cannot be good family pets. Jack-Russell-Terriers are usually very good with children and gentle with them if they understand how to approach dogs. Jack Russell Terriers live 15 years or more. They grow to an average 10 to 12 inches in height and 14 to 18 pounds in weight. Jack-Russell-Terriers have several different types of coats of the shorthaired variety (some are smooth, some are not) but all are easy to maintain with regular brushing.
Jack-Russell-Terriers are suited for all kinds of living but do need to be exercised regularly, at least once a day, due to their seemingly boundless energy. Without regular opportunities to exercise and play, they will become bored and begin to bark at everything and become destructive. If a Jack Russell Terrier must be left alone for an extended period without the opportunity to exercise, you should crate them until it is possible for them to exercise.
JRTs are very energetic dogs and require a lot of exercises. Both the rough coat and smooth coat JRTs shed hair and should regularly be groomed. Because of their small size, many owners make the mistake of thinking they will be low-maintenance, “apartment” dogs. They get a rude awakening when they find their dog doing laps around their apartment, tearing up their couches out of boredom when they go out! Jack Russells need to plenty of exercises and mental stimulation to keep their minds busy. They are most likely not a very good candidate for any of the bags in our dog carrier backpack review.
JRTs are known to have a cheeky character, and many of their owners describe them as being “little devils.” Some of the common problem behaviors that crop up with JRTs are aggression and guarding resources, barking, jumping up on people, hyperactivity and digging. However, most of these problems emerge because owners don’t know how to train this breed and how they should be treating their JRT. Some owners try to pamper their dog too much and treat it like a baby, but with a JRT, this can often lead to the dog losing respect for the owner. JRTs need firm but loving leadership from their owners.
They are intensely loyal dogs and often get very attached to one person in the family. On the flipside of this, they can sometimes be territorial and wary of strangers. They are fast learners and can be trained to do all sorts of tricks. JRTs have achieved fame for all kinds of talents. Some have starred in TV shows and movies. There’s even a JRT that paints abstract art, and one that can ride a surfboard!
Of course, this isn’t everything about Jack Russell Terriers that there is to know. This breed is brilliant and complex – there’s too much information to pack into one short article, but this gives you the basics of what the JRT is all about. If you want to know more about them, you will need to find some useful resources and study them further.
Make sure your pet terrier gets outside often so that it can run off some of its energy and you can do some training with them. Don’t keep JRTs confined or ignore them as this will make your pet Jack Russell unhappy, which could lead to destructive behavior and might even cause aggression towards people.